With annual review season in full swing, I have been referencing my speech and language milestones pretty frequently! It occurred to me that this is useful information that just about anyone who comes in contact with children can use. There are several great websites with detailed information, but my favorite (and probably the most reliable) is the American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA). Since I work mainly with preschoolers, I am going to sum up skills for this age group.
Speech and language skills can be divided into a few major categories. Receptive language skills are those skills dealing with understanding and comprehension of speech and language, while expressive language skills regard the way a child speaks. Skills can also be analyzed in a number of other areas including voice, pragmatics (social skills), fluency, and articulation. These are by no means all of the areas treated by SLPs, but tend to be the main focus for preschool children.
The chart below is from the ASHA website listed above. It summarizes receptive and expressive language skills children should demonstrate by age 5.
|Hearing and Understanding||Talking|
Here is another chart I use all the time. This is useful for speech sound acquisition:
This chart is from www.playwithwithwords365.com , but is known as “Sander norms” in the SLP world. It’s a great and easy to read chart that shows the approximate ages speech sounds begin to emerge and should be mastered by.
One more great resource- Guide to Communication Milestones by Linguisystems.
This is a quick reference for a variety of SLP areas and gives normative information for several different domains. The best part, it is FREE in pdf version here.
As with anything, if you have concerns about a child’s skills, it is best to ask a professional! Hope you enjoy these resources and find them as useful as I do!